The most effective teaching styles
1.Style of authority, also known as lecturer style.
It is based on the teacher’s presentation on a predetermined topic, while students sit, listen, take notes and memorize information to the best of their abilities. This style is most popular in universities because of the large number of students and the inability of the teacher to work with each of them separately.
Advantages: The style is ideal for classrooms with large groups of students, as well as for subjects such as history or economics, which primarily require memorization of key facts, dates, names, etc.
Disadvantages: This is a rather questionable model for teaching children, as it virtually eliminates interaction with the teacher. In addition, it is often difficult for students to remain focused throughout the lecture. It is believed that this approach is only for higher education.
2.Style of demonstration (coaching). Much like the previous one, but instead of using a purely verbal lecture to provide information, it involves multimedia presentations, demonstrations and stimulating student activity. It is considered ideal for teaching mathematics, music, cultural studies, i.e. subjects for which visualization is essential for understanding. Go to the site and find out more https://argoprep.com/blog/learning-styles-series-the-verbal-and-linguistic-learner/
Pros: this style provides teachers with a variety of teaching formats, both lectures and multimedia presentations.
Minuses: while it is well suited to a range of subjects, it makes it virtually impossible for teachers to interact individually with students in large classrooms.
3.Style of facilitation, aka active style. Its essence is to stimulate self-study through teacher-student interaction. Practically does not use the lecture, on the contrary, teachers ask questions rather than give answers. In this way, students themselves will become more deeply involved in the topic and develop their skills in solving various problems. The technique is good for small groups. It is best for teaching science.
Pros: This style teaches how to ask questions and helps develop skills in finding answers and solutions through research. It encourages students to think independently.
Disadvantages: Individual interaction with students helps them develop analytical skills. But unlike a lecture with concrete facts that can be clearly measured, an active style makes it much more difficult to determine the real level of students’ knowledge.
Style of delegation or group style.
Used for teaching subjects that require group work, laboratory training or student interaction. The instructor acts as a facilitator, observing the process from outside and facilitating collaboration among students. This style is best suited for teaching chemistry, biology, medicine and foreign languages and is gaining popularity everywhere.
Pros: acting as a facilitator encourages students to work together and collaborate effectively to achieve common goals.
Minuses: considered too innovative a style. It is often criticized as undermining respect for the teacher, who acts more as a consultant than as a traditional authority figure.
Hybrid (mixed) style. Represents learning that takes maximum account of the personal preferences, characteristics and interests of each individual student. It is used when teaching foreign languages, mother tongue, less frequently natural sciences or religious studies, as it allows for easy integration of extracurricular activities to study a specific topic in maximum depth.
Pros: the maximum possible interaction between teacher and students, allowing a wide variety of pedagogical methods to be adapted to the needs of students and to each specific subject.
Disadvantages: It is incredibly difficult for one person to structure the curriculum in such a way as to accommodate the individual needs of all students. There is a high risk of dissipating attention, and this will have a negative impact on teaching.
As you can see, even the best teaching styles have not only undeniable advantages, but also significant disadvantages. Therefore, a teacher, when choosing a style, should be guided by an assessment of his or her own strengths and weaknesses, the availability of teaching equipment, team management skills, and discipline preservation.
It should also be borne in mind that the styles presented above are so-called “ideal models” and in practice are often combined, complementing each other seamlessly. Judge for yourself.
The modern historian will hardly refuse to dilute his lectures with various interactive maps and schemes, increasing the interest of listeners. A biologist who prefers an active style of teaching will still have to explain to his audience at least a small fraction of the material from the standpoint of authoritative style.
And no matter how a linguist working in a hybrid style tries to interact individually with each particular student, for some tasks he will have to divide them into groups.