Today, a child should be taken to first grade already prepared. He should not only know the letters, but also be able to read. Not all children go to preschool institutions, and in kindergartens do not teach literacy and letters everywhere. Therefore, very often parents are faced with the question of how to teach their child to read by syllables at home.
At once there are many questions: where to start, what method to choose to be fast and effective. There are so many different ways to learn to read by syllables that many moms and dads just get lost. Let’s try to understand these questions in order.
Whether the child is ready to learn, first grade sight words
Before starting the process itself, it is necessary to take into account the psychological and physical readiness of the baby to learn. There are a few basic criteria by which you can determine in which way to start, so that the learning does not turn your preschooler later on from reading for life.
If your child speaks freely with sentences and logically connects the phrases, it is time. Check to see if your son or daughter understands what you have read, gre verbal practice for children.
The ability to distinguish between sounds is an important criterion. Speech therapists call it phonemic hearing. For example, fungus is flu, soup is tooth, mouth is genus. Does the child understand that these words have different meanings?
A big problem on the way to learning can be delayed speech or the mispronunciation of certain sounds: If a child does not pronounce sounds correctly, the speech therapist teacher should help. Do not expect the problem to be solved by itself. Take your child to a specialist and attend classes properly, and be sure to do the tasks that the teacher gives you to fix the learning material yourself. Speech delay, stuttering – show your child to a neurologist and psychiatrist. In any case, there is a reason, and it is necessary to find out.
Be sure to teach your baby where left and right, top and bottom. This will help him navigate in the text: on what side to start reading the word, where the top line, and where the bottom.
When to start learning to read
Many parents are so worried that their child will not have time to learn to read before school that they literally start hitting on the baby at almost 2 years.
At 3 – 4 years old tiny may not be interesting to sit above a book. And that’s okay. For each age, there are different tasks.
If a child almost from 2 – x years old reads and knows by heart Fet and Tyutchev, it does not mean that your time. All children are so individual, that the general recommendations remain in any case just general. Learn to feel your child.
At the age of 5 or 6 – is another thing. But if your child does not go to kindergarten or any other activities for a particular reason, then you should start to teach them yourself. In an unobtrusive form, teach to write in capital letters the main words “Mama”, “Daddy”, “Home”, “Cat”, your name. With minimal training, the child will more easily endure adaptation in the first grade.
8 basic rules, how to teach a child to read by syllables at home, first grade sight words.
They will help you get your bearings and understand what’s basic and what’s secondary. Now for more details.
Start small: gradually learn the letters and sounds as you walk. Draw a letter with a stick in the sand, then a syllable. You can do the same with twigs or pebbles. It will be interesting to learn to read crumbs, guessing familiar letters, and then syllables on signs. Show that letters and words surround us everywhere.
A little later, the learning process can be moved to the house. Set up a chair and a table for writing and reading. Make sure there’s the right lighting. Teach the child to gradually remove the notebook, pen or pencil in place. You need a small shelf for books. Teach your child to clean up after themselves and be organized. All this should be done in a relaxed form. First, a crumb is enough and 10 minutes a day.
Read for yourself with pleasure. Develop a culture of reading in your family. Discuss what you have read with your child. Ask the younger child questions: Who is in the picture? Who are we talking about in the fairy tale?
Purchase several explanatory textbooks: ABC (by N. S. Zhukova), Favourite ABC (by Irina Solnyshko), ABCs by N. Betenkova, V. Goretsky, v. Fonin, N. Pavlova, magnetic alphabet, cubes with letters. Draw vowel letters on cards and place them throughout the apartment. Gradually, the child will remember them all. Then change them in places. Then do the same with the consonants.
ABCs and letters require more assiduity, but also gradually teach the child not only letters but also syllables. Associative thinking will help you learn the alphabet faster: the letter “A” for the album, “B” for the squirrel, “B” for the bike, and bright pictures will help you memorize more quickly.
Repeat what you’ve already learned. If you start learning, then do it systematically. Otherwise, there will be no result. While in line or on the road, read along with your child a small book. Time will pass faster, and also with benefit.
The most important thing – do not force, be nervous and do not use violence. Childhood is a golden time, don’t forget about it. It’s not necessary at all: if you need and want, it means that your child wants the same.